Montenegro – General information
Montenegro is located between 41º 52´-43º 42´ north latitude and 18º26´- 20 º 22´ east longitudes and belongs to the central Mediterranean that is Southern Europe.
To the north it borders Serbia, to the southeast Kosovo and Albania, to the south it is separated from Italy by the Adriatic Sea and to the west it borders Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Area: 13.812 km²
Length of borders: 614 km
Capital: Podgorica (186 000 inhabitants) – administrative and economic centre
Royal capital: CCetinje – historical and cultural centre
Length of the sea coast: 293 km
Number of beaches: 117
Length of beaches: 52 km
Longest beach: Velika plaža (Ulcinj) – 13 km
Highest mountain peaks: Maja Rosit (Prokletije) – 2.524 m, Zla Kolata (Prokletije) – 2534m n.v.; Dobra Kolata (Prokletije)- 2528m v.n.; Bobotov Kuk (Durmitor) -2523 m v.n.
Largest lake: Skadar Lake (391 m²)
Deepest canyon: Tara (1.300 m)
National parks: Durmitor, Biogradska gora, Skadarsko jezero, Lovćen, Prokletije
Largest bay: the Bay of Kotor
Average air temperature: 27.4 ºC (summer)
Maximum sea temperature: 27.1 º C
Average number of sunny days during the year: 240
Swimming season: 180 days
Sea: dark blue
Transparency of the sea: 38-56 m
Time zone: GTM +1
Electrical power system: 220V/50Hz
Culture and art
Cultures that exist in today’s Montenegro contain traces and influences of Mediterranean, Central European, Eastern European and Oriental civilizations from various times. In the village Lipci near Risan, in a cave, prehistoric man had painted a deer hunt and a ship. In the opposite part of Montenegro, high in the mountain Prokletije, prehistoric man had drawn himself and wolf on a stone plate. At the prehistoric site Crvena stijena (Red Rock) near the village of Petrovići, 30 km from Nikšić, a 31 cultural layer was discovered. In some parts of the country, in unpopulated areas, you can find large tombstone, standing tomb-stones, altars and foundations of pagan temples. In villages you can still hear many old traditions. Legends say that those who rescued from Atlantis settled in the Bay of Kotor. Some believe that Homer’s Troy once flourished near Skadar Lake. Some claim that the Celts named major mountains and rivers… The Illyrians, Hellenes, Romans, Slavs, Turks … they all tended to leave traces of their homeland on these new shores incorporating pieces of their own traditions in Montenegro’s wildness – in stone, language, image, sound, respect for God … Archaeological sites and museums keep their traces. The remains of old Roman temples have been standing here for two thousand years as well as aqueducts, cities, bridges (Risan, Budva, Akruvium, Ulcinj, Doclea, Municipium S) …
Perhaps this eternal interweaving of cultures and artistic influences is the thing that is most beautiful in Montenegro, what has resulted from continuous movement and touching of tribes and nations. Interweaving of East and West, paganism and Christianity, Orthodoxy and Catholicism, Christianity and Islam, Byzantine and Romanesque postulates, traditions and modern times … they have all influenced on the development of artists. The cult of beauty of the word lives even today. Through the centuries of the struggle for the preservation or gaining freedom, through the centuries of poverty and hunger, word managed to preserve its dignity and strength and it is the one which gave meaning to life. That is why it was cherished with special care. Art is also typical to this area. Frescoes and icons of known and unknown artists, ornaments in stone, silver and gold and engraving kept in temples have great value. The new age is marked by painters and other artists who are highly respected in Europe and worldwide.
Generous and miserly, cruel and graceful, fascinating nature of this country has always aroused excitement and inspiration. “The most beautiful meeting of land and sea at the time of the birth of our planet” (J. G. Byron) has created many small bays and a large Bay of Kotor, hidden wild beaches and a thirteen kilometers long Velika plaža with healing powers. White and gray waste land of limestone area rises above the coastline. “Sea of rocks” is only one segment of the sumptuous mosaic. In the central region there are the fertile Zetska and Bjelopavlićka plains and a bird paradise – Skadar Lake. Then there is a wreath of mountain ranges over 2,000 meters high. Apart from the peaks, they are adorned by woods, spacious pastures, forty lakes, impetuous and clean rivers, deep and mysterious canyons. The worlds of beauty are under water and underground – in many caves whose exploration has only begun. Montenegro has five national parks. Durmitor with the Tara River Canyon is part of the world natural heritage. The Tara River Canyon is on the list of international biosphere reserves. As a rare wetland habitat Skadar Lake is included on the Ramsar List. In 1991 Montenegro was proclaimed ecological state.
Five areas in Montenegro have the status of national parks: Lovćen, Durmitor, Biogradska gora, Lake Skadar and Prokletije.
Their natural and cultural values are presented in visitors centers, and opportunities for active recreation are numerous. Besides the marked walking, hiking and biking trails, in the parks you can find thematic, educational and wine paths. There is also sports fishing, cruising, camping, adventure park, rent-a-bungalow…
Conquering peaks, viewing platforms, richness of flora and fauna, healing powers of water wells, herbs, national cuisine … There are many reasons to visit the national parks of Montenegro.
Lakes and rivers
Waters are a great wealth of Montenegro: clean, fresh, mostly wild and impetuous, stronger than rock. They etch deep canyons, roll snow and trees, hide big fish, refresh and inspire…
Whether they embraced by coniferous trees or grass, their water is clean and pleasant for swimming in summer, and is always interesting to anglers. There are many legends about emergence of these lakes.
The most beautiful lakes are: Skadar Lake, Crno jezero (the Black Lake), Plavsko, Biogradsko, the following single out Hridsko, Zabojsko, Zminje, Škrčko, Trnovačko, Pešića Lake …
They add to a small state a lot of space, height and width, depth and shape.
Each mountain is a story for itself. Bjelasica is tame, Durmitor is unpredictable, Prokletije is the most beautiful mosaic, Sinjajevina is mystical, Orjen is porous, Komovi is proud, Moračke planine are demanding …
There are springs, streams, rivers, glacier lakes, cliffs and peaks to which clouds are rushing, caves, vast forests, pastures, villages and high mountain summer cottages, herds that graze freely, areas that no one has ever passed through … And all this in four variants, because seasons on the mountain are clearly distinguished. It is also true that snow remains on some mountains in the warmest days of August and then at about 2000 meters above sea level you can swim in the lake – and throw snowballs.
The fact that the deepest canyon in Europe is in Montenegro is not accidental at all.
This whole area of high mountains is intersected by canyons whose grandeur is breathtaking. Roads pass through some of these and their verticals are well known (Morača, Cijevna, Piva and Ibar). You can discover others like the Tara River Canyon and canyon of the river Lim if you give yourself up to the wild waters, roaring rapids and waterfalls and emerald whirlpools while rafting or kayaking. A little more courage is needed for canyoning.
Synonym for canyoning in Montenegro is the canyon Nevidio, but even more difficult (the coldest and darkest) challenge is the canyon Grlje (Prokletije). Attractive are the canyons Škudre (Kotor) and Trebješice and Bogutovski potok (flows into the river Morača). However, these are only parts of the manuscript of water in the rocks and many have not been seen yet.
Sea and the Bay of Kotor
The Adriatic Sea is one of the warmest seas and is one of the cleanest and clearest seas rich in marine flora and fauna.
Through the Strait of Otranto it is connected with the central part of the Mediterranean Sea. Its width is greatest between Montenegro and Southern Italy (about 200 kilometers).
Contrast of enchanting waters of the Adriatic and gigantic Montenegrin mountains is softened by sandy beaches, sunsets and bays, Mediterranean and tropical plants, pine trees and olive groves and white towns along the coast. The contrast is apparent when you take the road from Kotor up the Lovćen serpentines. Each curve reveals a new, more magnificent, exciting and somewhat frightening view of the Bay of Kotor, “the beauty of beauties”, created according to the legend by the will of the god of the sea Poseidon himself.
Flora i fauna
Raznolikost biljnih i životinjskih vrsta
Preplitanje klimatskih tipova, stalno smjenjivanje južnih i sjevernih vazdušnih struja, učinilo je da ovi predjeli budu pogodno stanište za čak oko tri hiljade biljnih vrsta, među njima veliki broj endemičnih i reliktnih.
Posebno je značajno bogatstvo ljekovitog i aromatičnog bilja, divljeg voća i jestivih gljiva. Tamne šume četinara (smrča, bor, jela) zaslužne su i za ime zemlje – Crna Gora. Ovdje je i jedna od dvije evropske prašume, Biogradska gora.
Mogu se sresti preko tri stotine životinjskih vrsta, pa i neke koje su drugdje prava rijetkost. Pored vuka, medvjeda, divokoza, srna, kuna, risa, tu su i vidra, bjeloglavi sup, suri orao, sivi soko, jastreb, ćubasta patka; Apolonov leptir, kraška krtica, alpska rovčica, patka dupljašica… Naravno, ne izostaju vodozemci, zmije, gušteri, a najzanimljiviji je triton – planinski mrmoljak.
Welcome to the wild beauty!
Budva is the metropolis of Montenegrin tourism thanks to the great number of beaches and hotels that make this a most desirable tourist destination.
Apart from its natural beauty, its bay islands and beaches for example, Budva is rich in historic monuments.
Budva Old Town lies on a small peninsula and represents a treasure chest of culture heritage. Crossed with narrow streets and squares are famous buildings, the Church Sv. Trojica, housing the tomb of the exquisite writer Stjepan Mitrov Ljubisa, the Churches of Sv. Ivan, Sv. Bogorodica and Sv. Sava.
During the summer months it turns into a City Theatre with numerous local performances and shows from abroad. In the Stari Grad (Old town) you can also visit many shops, cafés, restaurants and galleries. Monasteries Stanjevici, Podostrog, Rezevici and Gradiste are important historic and religious monuments of Budva.
The Budva coast is 21 km long with 17 beaches. It is among the most beautiful coasts in the world and its beauty will not leave you indifferent. Also, wide range of accommodation, from very affordable to exclusive and luxury.
Budva is must visit place in Montenegro and the whole city is dedicated to provide best tourist offer.
From best events to best hotels, from best restaurants to best discotheques, … everything can be found in Budva, and everyone can enjoy in great holiday.
Budva do not offer only modern tourism, Old Town Budva is amazing place, where you can discover history and tradition of this great small Montenegro city.